Crude drug sample data base

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Crude drug name

Market name香附子
Formal name香附子
Japanese nameこうぶし, Kōbushi
Vernacular nameXiangfuzi
Latin nameCyperi Rhizoma (JP, CP)
English nameCyperus Rhizome (JP), Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome (CP)
Other namesMusta
Original plant nameCyperus rotundus L., (Hamasuge), Nutgrass
Family nameCyperaceae
Used partClassificationPlant origin
Sub classification tuber
Collection informationJapan, Osaka Pref., Shinwa Bussan Co., Ltd.
Collection date1970/12/23
CollectorTsuneo Namba
TMPW No.117

The capital city, provincial capital city or the representative  
location of its administrative area is indicated.  
Production area information
Collection information
Japan,Osaka Pref.

Scientific information data base

Common name香附子, Xangfuzi, Cyperi Rhizoma (JP18, CP2020), Cyperus Rhizome (JP18), Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome (CP2020)
crude drug image
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Original plant nameCyperus rotundus Linn., (Hamasuge)
original plant image
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Family nameCyperaceae
Used partrhizome (tuber)
Quality for selectionGood Xiangfuzi is large, dense and has a strong aroma. The one with dark inside is not good. (TN)
Official compendiumJP XVIII, CP (2020 ed.)
Clinical applicationAs emmenagogue, clearing blood and painkiller, xiangfuzi is applied for paramenia, algomenorrhea, spiritual instability due to gynecologic disorder, stomachache, abdominal pain, lack of appetite and all.
Medical systemTraditional Chinese medicine
Drug effect in
traditional medicine
Drugs for dispelling internal cold
Beneficial effect[Property and Flavor] Neutral; pungent, mild bitter and mild sweet.
[Meridian Tropism] Liver, spleen and triple energizers.
[Actions] To soothe the liver, resolve depression, regulate qi, soothe the middle, regulate menstruation and relieve pain.
[Indications] Liver depression and qi stagnation, distending pain in the chest and the hypochondrium, pain caused by genital disease, distending pain in the breasts, spleen-stomach qi stagnation, stuffiness and oppression in the epigastrium and abdomen, pain, distention and fullness, menstrual irregularities, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea.
Chemical constituentLipids
C. rotundus <インド産/produced in India> (*C1):
Linoleic acid, Linolenic acid, Oleic acid, Myristic acid, Stearic acidのGlycerides

C. rotundus <インド産/produced in India> (*C1):
ブドウ糖/glucose, 果糖/fructose

Terpenoids (Essential oils)
Cyperene, Cyperol, Isocyperol, Cyperotundone, Sugeonol, Sugetriol, Cyperolone, Kobusone, Isokobusone, Patchchoulenyl acetate, Sugeonyl acetate
C. rotundus <インド産/produced in India> (*C1):
alpha-Cyperone, beta-Cyperone, l-alpha-Pinene, Copadiene

Oleanoic acid, 3-O-(2-Rhamnoglucosyl)-oleanoic acid

Chemical structure

Pharmacological effectSuppression of uterine contraction and analgesic (extract). Antibacterial.
DNA sequenceAF285071, AF168838, AJ295758, AJ295759, AJ295760, AJ404698; Traditioal Medical & Parmaceutical Database.
Classical reference
(Chinese Herbal Classic "Zhenglei bencao")
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DiseasePain due to flatulence of hypochondrium, Full stomach, Depression, Feeling of pressure in the chest, Vomitting, Dyspepsia, Lower abdominal pain, Menorrhalgia, Irregular menstruation
FormulationAnzanto, Ureitsukito, Ekkiyoeito, Kagen'ireito, Kagenhachimotsuto, Kippihangeto, Kyukichoketsuin, Kokikososan, Kokyuto, Koshaheiisan, Kosharikkunshito, Kososan, Saikosokanto, Jiinshihoto, Jijintsujito, Jippito, Junkiwachuto, Shokitenkoto, Shobaito, Jinkokokito, Seineitsugeutsuto, Senkyuchachosan, Chikujountanto, Tokishusan, Tokiyoketsuto, Nijutsuto, Nyoshinsan, Hangekobokushichimotsuto, Hanbikokantan, Bunshoto, Hokoeito, Mokutsusan, Rokuutsuto, Koshayoito
ReferencesJP18: The 18th edition of the Japanese Pharmacopoeia.
CP2020: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China 2020 edi.
C1) The Encyclopedia of Wakan-Yaku with Color Pictures Vol. I, pp 109-111.
RemarksIt has been used in Indian medicine since ancient times, and is called "Musta". It is listed in the Buddhist scripture "Suvarna prabhasa-sutra" (Jap. name: Konkomeikyo) under the name of "Musuita".
Last renewal date2021/09/27