Crude drug sample data base

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Crude drug name

Market name天門冬
Formal name天門冬
Japanese nameてんもんどう, Temmondō
Vernacular nameTianmendong
Latin nameAsparagi Radix (JP), (CP)
English nameAsparagus Root (JP), Cochinchinese Asparagus Root (CP)
Original plant nameAsparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr., (Kusasugikazura)
Family nameLiliaceae
Used partClassificationPlant origin
Sub classification tuberous root
Collection informationJapan, Osaka Pref., Tochimoto Tenkaido Co., Ltd.
Collection date1975/02/00
TMPW No.182

The capital city, provincial capital city or the representative  
location of its administrative area is indicated.  
Production area information
Collection information
Japan,Osaka Pref.

Scientific information data base

Common name天門冬, Tianmendong, Asparagi Radix (JP18, CP2020), Asparagus Root (JP18), Cochinchinese Asparagus Root (CP2020)
Synonyms天冬 (Tiandong)
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Original plant nameAsparagus cochinchinensis Merrill, (Kusasugikazura)
original plant image
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Family nameLiliaceae
Used parttuberous root (without periderm)
Quality for selectionGood tianmendong is thick, dense and translucent yellowish-white. The product of Guizhou Prov. (sentendo) is of high quality. (TN)
Official compendiumJHMC (1989), CP (2020 ed.), JP XVIII
Clinical applicationAs an antitussive, diuretic, reliever and tonic, Tianmendong is applied for cough of deficiency syndrome, hemoptysis, dry cough and dry stool.
Medical systemTraditional Chinese medicine
Drug effect in
traditional medicine
Drugs for replenishing Yin-vital essence
Beneficial effect[Property and Flavor] Cold; bitter and sweet.
[Meridian Tropism] Lung and kidney meridians.
[Actions] To nourish yin and moisten dryness, clear the heat and engender fluid.
[Indications] Dry cough caused by lung dryness, whooping cough , greasy phlegm, limp aching in the lower back and knees, bone-steaming and tidal fever, interior heat wasting thirst, heat disease consuming fluid, dry throat and thirst, constipation caused by intestinal dryness.
Chemical constituentSterols

Steroid saponins & Sapogenins

Other aromatic compounds

Amino acids


Pharmacological effectAntibacterial (Gram-positive).
DNA sequenceAB029804, AB029849; Traditioal Medical & Parmaceutical Database.
Classical reference
(Chinese Herbal Classic "Zhenglei bencao")
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DiseaseCough, Dry cough, Phlegm-free, Hemoptysis, Dyspnea, Chronic bronchitis, Tuberculosis, Sputum with blood, Night sweats, Thirst, Constipation
FormulationJiinkokato, Seihaito, Ogibekkoto, Kanroin
Related drugsOphiopogonis Tuber, Shatamuli (Ayurveda)
ReferencesJP18: The 18th edition of the Japanese Pharmacopoeia.
CP2020: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China 2020 edi.
C1)The Encyclopedia of Wakan-Yaku with Color Pictures Vol. I, pp 33-34.
C2)Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook,p336.
RemarksIn the market, the root of Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr. (Jap. name: Kusasugikazura) as well as that of A. lucidus Lindl. var. pygmaeus Makino, A. filicinum Ham. (Jap. name: Tachitemmondō) and A. schoberioides Kunth (Jap. name: Kijikakushi) may be distributed. Tianmendong has a strong effect of nourishing the lung and kidney. Maimendong (Ophiopogonis Tuber) has an advantage of clearing away heat and relieving dryness of the lung. Both are applied in the combination for the cough of lung tuberculosis.
Last renewal date2021/09/27