Crude drug sample data base
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Scientific information data base
|Common name||広東人参, Guangdongrenshen, Panacis Quinquefolii Radix (CP2020), American Ginseng (CP2020)|
|Synonyms||アメリカ人参, 西洋人参, 洋参, 泡参|
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|Original plant name||Panax quinquefolius Linn., (Americaninjin)|
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|Official compendium||CP (2020 ed.)|
|Clinical application||Widely used as a tonic, cardiotonic, replenishing or tonifying vital essence, stomachic, sedative, relieving fatigue. It cures decline of metabolism due to gastric weakness as a tonifying drug. It is applied to invalid's gastric stagnation, indigestion, vomiting, chest pain, relaxant diarrhea and anorexia.|
|Medical system||Traditional Chinese medicine|
|Drug effect in|
|Drugs for replenishing Qi (vital energy)|
|Beneficial effect||[Property and Flavor] Cool; sweet and mild bitter.|
[Meridian Tropism] Heart, lung and kidney meridians.
[Actions] To tonify qi and nourish yin, clear heat and engender fluid.
[Indications] Deficiency of qi and yin, deficiency heart with vexation and fatigue, wheezing and cough with phlegm-blood, interior heat wasting-thirst, dry mouth and throat.
|Chemical constituent||Triterpenoid saponins|
サポニン配糖体約5% / saponin glycosides approx.5%: Ginsenoside Rb1,Ginsenoside Rg1,Ginsenoside Rg2, Ginsenoside Re, Ginsenoside Rb2, Ginsenoside Rc, Ginsenoside Rd, Ginsenoside Ra, Ginsenoside Ro
|DNA sequence||18SrRNA: D85172(*S1), matK: D89059(*S2), ITS:U41687, U41688, U41689 rbcL:U50250; Traditioal Medical & Parmaceutical Database.|
|Disease||Mlaise, Thirst, Cough, Dyspnea|
|Formulation||not used in formula|
|Related drugs||Renshen (Ginseng), Hongshen (Red Ginseng), Zhujierenshen (Panax Japonicus Rhizome), Sanqirenshen (Panax Notoginseng Root)|
|References||CP2020: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China 2020 edi.|
C1)The Encyclopedia of Wakan-Yaku with Color Pictures Vol. I, pp 4-5.
|Remarks||American Ginseng, produced in the USA or Canada, was named "Guangdong-renshen" since it was shipped to Southeast Asia through Hong Kong. It is used similarly as ginseng. However, the medical property of Ginseng is neutral (sometimes mild warm), while American Ginseng is cool.|
|Last renewal date||2021/09/27|