Crude drug sample data base

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Crude drug name

Market name玄参
Formal name玄参
Japanese nameげんじん, Genjin
Vernacular nameHyeoncan
Latin nameScrophulariae Radix (Non-JPS), (CP)
English nameScrophularia Root (Non-JPS), Figwort Root (CP)
Original plant nameScrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl.
Family nameScrophulariaceae
Used partClassificationPlant origin
Sub classification root
Collection informationRepublic of Korea, Taegu
Collection date1971/04/05
CollectorTsuneo Namba
TMPW No.30

The capital city, provincial capital city or the representative  
location of its administrative area is indicated.  
Production area information
Collection information
Republic of Korea,Taegu

Scientific information data base

Common name玄参, Xuanshen, Scrophulariae Radix (Non-JPS2022, CP2020), Scrophularia Root (Non-JPS2022), Figwort Root (CP2020)
crude drug image
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Original plant nameScrophularia ningpoensis Hemsley or Scrophularia buergeriana Miquel1, (Gomanohagusa1)
original plant image
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Family nameScrophulariaceae
Used partroot
Quality for selectionGood one is light brown externally. The inside is enlarged, black and rich in moisture. (NI)
Official compendiumNon-JPS (2022), CP (2020 ed.)
Clinical applicationAs an anti-febrile, tranquilizer, anti-inflammatory drug and removing sores, it is used to treat febrile disease, sore throat, rhinitis, carbuncles, scrofula and constipation.
Medical systemTraditional Chinese medicine
Drug effect in
traditional medicine
Drugs for eliminating heat from blood
Beneficial effect[Property and Flavor] Mild cold; sweet, bitter and salty.
[Meridian Tropism] Lung, stomach and kidney meridians.
[Actions] To clear heat and cool the blood, nourish yin and downhear fire, remove toxin and dissipate binds.
[Indications] Heat entering nutrient-blood aspects, macula and papule caused by warm toxin, febrile disease damaging yin, crimson tongue, vexation and thirst, constipation caused by fluid comsumption, steaming bone, cough caused by somsumptive disease, red eyes, sore throat, diphtheria, scrofula, swelling abscess, sore and toxin.
Chemical constituentMonoterpenoids


p-Methoxycinnamic acid

Chemical structure

Pharmacological effectCardiotonic, vasodilation, decrease in blood pressure, decrease in blood sugar, local irritation, antifungal (extract), antifebrile (p-methoxycinnamic acid).
DNA sequenceAF034865, AF034872, AF118802, AF118803, AJ236031
Classical reference
(Chinese Herbal Classic "Zhenglei bencao")
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DiseaseHigh fever, Disturbance of consciousness, Swelling and pain of the throat, Red eye, Hot flash, Cough, Hemoptysis, Thromboangiitis obliterans, Cervical lymphadenopathy, Tuberculosis, Constipation
FormulationKamiuntanto, Seinetsuhokito, Seinetsuhoketsuto, Byakugokokinto, Seiishakato, Seiinrikakuto
ReferencesNon-JPS2022: The Japanese standards for non-Pharmacopoeial crude drugs 2022.
CP2020: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China 2020 edi.
C1)The Encyclopedia of Wakan-Yaku with Color Pictures Vol. I, p 56.
RemarksBoth Korean and Japanese Xuanshens are the roots of Scrophularia buergeriana Miq. (Jap. name: Gomanohagusa). However, there is no Japanese product in the market at present.
Last renewal date2023/11/21