Crude drug sample data base

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Crude drug name

Market name紅参
Formal name紅参
Japanese nameこうじん, Kōjin
Vernacular nameHongshen (紅参), Renshen (人参)
Latin nameGinseng Radix Rubra (JP), Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma Rubra (CP)
English nameRed Ginseng (JP), (CP)
Original plant namePanax ginseng C. A. Meyer, (Otaneninjin), Ginseng
Family nameAraliaceae
Used partClassificationPlant origin
Sub classification root
Collection informationHong Kong
Collection date1979/00/00
CollectorTsuneo Namba

Scientific information data base

Common name紅参, Hongshen, Ginseng Radix Rubra (JP18), Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma Rubra (CP2020), Red Ginseng (JP18, CP2020)
crude drug image
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Original plant namePanax ginseng C. A. Meyer, (Otaneninjin)
original plant image
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Family nameAraliaceae
Used partroot
Quality for selectionGood hongshen is fat and dense. The one which has liner soft parts in its internal is lower quality. (TN)
Official compendiumJP XVIII, CP (2020 ed.)
Medical systemTraditional Chinese medicine
Drug effect in
traditional medicine
Drugs for replenishing Qi (vital energy)
Beneficial effect[Property and Flavor] Warm; sweet and mild bitter.
[Meridian Tropism] Spleen, lung, heart and kidney meridians.
[Actions] To greatly tonify the original qi, regain pulse and secure collapse, tonify qi and control the blood.
[Indications] Tending to collapse caused by body deficiency, coldness of limbs and faint pulse, qi failing to control the blood, flooding and spotting.
Chemical constituentOther aliphatic and related compounds
Panaxynol, Panaxydol, Heptadece-1-en-4,6-diyn-3,9-diol

D-Glucose, D-Fructose

Trisaccharide A, Trisaccharide B, Trisaccharide C

Panacene, beta-Elemene

Triterpenoid saponins
Ginsenoside R0, Ginsenoside Ra1, Ginsenoside Ra2, Ginsenoside Rb1, Ginsenoside Rb2, Ginsenoside Rb3, Ginsenoside Rc, Ginsenoside Rd, Ginsenoside Re, Ginsenoside Rf, Ginsenoside Rg1, Ginsenoside Rg2, Ginsenoside Rh, Oleanolic acid, (20S)-Protopanaxadiol, (20S)-Protopanaxatriol

beta-Sitosterol, beta-Sitosteryl-glucoside

Simple nitrogen containing compounds

Vitamin Bs群

Chemical structure

DNA sequence18SrRNA: D83275, matK: D89057, ITS: U41680, U41681, U41682, AB043871, AB043872 ; Traditioal Medical & Parmaceutical Database.
Classical reference
(Chinese Herbal Classic "Zhenglei bencao")
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DiseaseLack of energy, Coldness of limbs, Fatigable, Anorexia, Muddy and watery stool, Visceroptosis, Descent of the uterus, Proctoptosis, Diarrhea, Dyspnea, Cough, Shortness of breath, High fever, Thirst, Spontaneous sweating, Hyperhidrosis, Polyuria, Anxiety, Insomnia, Palpitation, Amnesia
Formulationrarely used in formula
ReferencesJP18: The 18th edition of the Japanese Pharmacopoeia.
CP2020: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China 2020 edi.
C1)The Encyclopedia of Wakan-Yaku with Color Pictures Vol. I, pp 1-3.
RemarksThere are two kinds of Hongshen. One is steamed and dried Hongshen which fine roots have not been removed (Japanese Hongshen). The other is dried and pressed Hongshen without fine roots (North Korean and Korean Hongshen). In China, the processed Hongshen with relatively long branching roots is called "Biantiao Hongshen" and the one without fine roots is called "Hongshenxu".
Last renewal date2021/09/27