Crude drug sample data base

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Crude drug name

Market name党参
Formal name党参
Japanese nameとうじん, Tōjin
Vernacular nameDangshen
Latin nameCodonopsis Radix (JP), (CP)
English nameCodonopsis Root (JP), Tangshen (CP)
Grade1 st
Original plant nameCodonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf. var. modesta (Nannf.) L.T.Shen
Family nameCampanulaceae
Used partClassificationPlant origin
Sub classification root
Collection informationHong Kong, Wing Tai Hong Medicine Co.,Ltd.
Collection date1976/11/00
CollectorTsuneo Namba
IdentifierMasanori Iwai
TMPW No.62

Scientific information data base

Common name党参, Dangshen, Codonopsis Radix (JP18, CP2020), Codonopsis Root (JP18), Tangshen (CP2020)
crude drug image
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Original plant nameCodonopsis pilosula Nannfeldt1 or Codonopsis tangshen Oliver, (Hikagetsuruninjin1)
original plant image
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Family nameCampanulaceae
Used partroot
Official compendiumJP XVIII, CP (2020 ed.)
Clinical applicationAs a tonic, dangshen is applied for lack of appetite, exhaustion, cough and thirst.
Medical systemTraditional Chinese medicine
Drug effect in
traditional medicine
Drugs for replenishing Qi (vital energy)
Beneficial effect[Property and Flavor] Neutral; sweet.
[Meridian Tropism] Spleen and lung.
[Actions] To fortify the spleen and replenish lung, nourish blood and engender fluid.
[Indications] Spleen-lung qi deficiency, reduced food intake, fatigue, cough and dyspnea of deficiency type, deficiency of qi and blood, sallow complexion, palpitations and shortness of breath, thirst caused by fluid consumption,wasting-thirst internal heat.
Chemical constituentPolyacetylene derivatives
Lobetyolin, Lobetyol, Cordifolioidyne B

Syringin, Tangshenoside I, Tangshenoside II

Codonopilate A, B, C

Codonopyrrolidium A, B


サポニン/Saponin, 粘液/Mucilage

Chemical structure

DNA sequenceAF107584, AF134859, AF134860, AF134861, AF136237, L18797, AF183445, AF183446, AF183443; Traditioal Medical & Parmaceutical Database.
DiseaseAnorexia, Malaise, Muddy and watery stool, Shortness of breath, Dyspnea, Cough, Lightheadedness, Palpitation, Thirst
Related drugsManjin
ReferencesJP18: The 18th edition of the Japanese Pharmacopoeia.
CP2020: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China 2020 edi.
B1) Shoyakugaku Zasshi,46,156(1992); 46,165(1992); 46,217(1992); 46,358(1992).
B2) PMID:24203345.
B3) PMID:23765107.
C1) Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, p221.
C2) Parter Shoyakugaku, pp309-310.
RemarksThe Pharmacopoeia of The People's Republic of China lists C. pilosula, C. pilosula var. modesta and C. tangshen as Dangshen. In addition to these, the followings are also used: C. subglobosa W.W.Sm. (in Sichuan Prov.); C. tubulosa Kom. (in Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan Prov.); C. nervosa Nannf. and C. canescens Nannf. (in Sichuan, Xizang Autonomous Region); C. clematidea C.B.Clarke (in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region).
These days in China, "Dangshen" is popular as a substitute drug for Ginseng. The name of Dangshen can be dated back to Bencaocongxin of the Qing Dynasty. Since then, there have been two theories about the different medical effects between Dangshen and Ginseng. One theory says "Though Dangshen has a benefit of clearing away the lung heat, doctors apply it in substitution for Ginseng so easily and only make the disease worse." The other says "The benefit of Dangshen is equal to that of ginseng." There are some problems about the equality of the medicinal effects.
Last renewal date2021/09/27