Crude drug sample data base

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Crude drug name

Market name三七人参
Formal name三七人参
Japanese nameさんしちにんじん, Sanshichininjin
Vernacular nameSanqi-renshen
Latin namePanacis Notoginseng Radix (Non-JPS), Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma (CP), Notoginseng Radix, San-Chi Ginseng
English namePanax Notoginseng Root (Non-JPS), Sanchi (CP)
Other names田七,三七
Original plant namePanax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen, (Sanshichininjin)
Family nameAraliaceae
Used partClassificationPlant origin
Sub classification root
Collection informationHong Kong
Collection date1979/00/00
CollectorTsuneo Namba
TMPW No.83

Scientific information data base

Common name三七人参, Sanqirenshen, Panacis Notoginseng Radix (Non-JPS2018), Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma (CP2020), Panax Notoginseng Root (Non-JPS2018), Sanchi (CP2020)
Synonyms田七, 田三七
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Original plant namePanax notoginseng Feng Hwai Chen
original plant image
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Family nameAraliaceae
Used partroot
Quality for selectionChunqi has higher quality than Donqi. Good Sanqirenshen has a big main root.
Official compendiumNon-JPS (2018), CP (2020 ed.)
Clinical applicationTo stop bleeding, relieve swelling, alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, relieve fatigue, and as cardiant: For bruise, various kinds of bleeding such as swelling with pain, hematemesis. epistaxis, metrorrhagia, tumid bleeding, hematemesis, epistaxis, women's metrorrhagia and merostaxis, hyperemesis and stomachache of after childbirth, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, hypertension, liver disorder and all.
Medical systemTraditional Chinese medicine
Drug effect in
traditional medicine
Beneficial effect[Property and Flavor] Warm; sweet and mild bitter.
[Meridian Tropism] Liver and kidney.
[Actions] To dissipate stasis and stanch bleeding, disperse swelling and relieve pain.
[Indications] Hemoptysis, hematemesis, epistaxis, hematochezia, menstrual flooding and spotting, traumatic bleeding, stabbing pain in the chest and abdomen, swelling and pain caused by traumatic injuries.
Chemical constituentOther aliphatic and related compounds

Triterpenoid saponins
サポニン配糖体 [saponin glycosides] 3~8%: Ginsenoside Rb1, Ginsenoside Rg1, Ginsenoside Rg2, Ginsenoside Ra, Ginsenoside Rb2, Ginsenoside Rd, Ginsenoside Re, (Ginsenoside Ro)


Amino acids
Dencichine (beta-N-oxalo-L-alpha-beta-diaminopropionic acid)

Chemical structure

Pharmacological effectHemostatic,cardiotonic,analgesic,sedative,antiinflammatory,immunomodulatory etc.The powder of Notoginseng increases the blood flow of animal coronary arteries and reduces the oxygen consumption of cardiac muscle. Therefore reduces the stress on the heart, in addition, decreases the blood lipid and cholesterol.
DNA sequence18SrRNA: D85171,AB027524, matK: AB027526, AB027527, ITS: U41684, U41685; Traditioal Medical & Parmaceutical Database.
DiseaseHematemesis, Nasal hemorrhage, Hematochezia, Irregular vaginal bleeding, Bleeding, Myocardial infarction, Angina pectoris, Hypertension, Chronic hepatitis, Acute hepatitis, Contusion
Related drugsRenshen (Ginseng), Hongshen (Red Ginseng), Zhujieshen (Panax Japonicus Rhizome), Guangdongrenshen (American Ginseng)
ReferencesNon-JPS2018: The Japanese standards for non-Pharmacopoeial crude drugs 2018.
CP2020: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China 2020 edi.
C1)The Encyclopedia of Wakan-Yaku with Color Pictures Vol. I, pp 5-8.
C2)Yakugaku Zasshi, 101, 629(1981).
RemarksIt is found in specific area, from Southeast Yunnan Prov. to Southwest Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region. It has been cultivated there since the Qing dynasty. It was also called "Jinbuhuan" and has been prized since ancient times. Now, it is not only blended into the formulation of Chinese medicine, "Yunnan-baiyao" and "Pianzaihuang" but also distributed as a health food.
It is divided into "Chunqi" and "Dongqi" according to the season of harvest. Literature refers to "Chunqi" as being harvested in autumn (before the efflorescence). However, our 1999 research in Yunnan found that "Chunqi" was the root of the plant from which stems had been picked off before flowering, in middle July, and harvested in middle September. "Dongqi" was the root which had been harvested from November to December after collection of the seeds.
Last renewal date2021/09/27