Crude drug sample data base
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Scientific information data base
|Common name||三七人参, Sanqirenshen, Panacis Notoginseng Radix (Non-JPS2018), Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma (CP2020), Panax Notoginseng Root (Non-JPS2018), Sanchi (CP2020)|
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|Original plant name||Panax notoginseng Feng Hwai Chen|
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|Quality for selection||Chunqi has higher quality than Donqi. Good Sanqirenshen has a big main root.|
|Official compendium||Non-JPS (2018), CP (2020 ed.)|
|Clinical application||To stop bleeding, relieve swelling, alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, relieve fatigue, and as cardiant: For bruise, various kinds of bleeding such as swelling with pain, hematemesis. epistaxis, metrorrhagia, tumid bleeding, hematemesis, epistaxis, women's metrorrhagia and merostaxis, hyperemesis and stomachache of after childbirth, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, hypertension, liver disorder and all.|
|Medical system||Traditional Chinese medicine|
|Drug effect in|
|Beneficial effect||[Property and Flavor] Warm; sweet and mild bitter.|
[Meridian Tropism] Liver and kidney.
[Actions] To dissipate stasis and stanch bleeding, disperse swelling and relieve pain.
[Indications] Hemoptysis, hematemesis, epistaxis, hematochezia, menstrual flooding and spotting, traumatic bleeding, stabbing pain in the chest and abdomen, swelling and pain caused by traumatic injuries.
|Chemical constituent||Other aliphatic and related compounds|
サポニン配糖体 [saponin glycosides] 3～8%: Ginsenoside Rb1, Ginsenoside Rg1, Ginsenoside Rg2, Ginsenoside Ra, Ginsenoside Rb2, Ginsenoside Rd, Ginsenoside Re, (Ginsenoside Ro)
Dencichine (beta-N-oxalo-L-alpha-beta-diaminopropionic acid)
|Pharmacological effect||Hemostatic，cardiotonic，analgesic，sedative，antiinflammatory，immunomodulatory etc．The powder of Notoginseng increases the blood flow of animal coronary arteries and reduces the oxygen consumption of cardiac muscle. Therefore reduces the stress on the heart, in addition, decreases the blood lipid and cholesterol.|
|DNA sequence||18SrRNA: D85171,AB027524, matK: AB027526, AB027527, ITS: U41684, U41685; Traditioal Medical & Parmaceutical Database.|
|Disease||Hematemesis, Nasal hemorrhage, Hematochezia, Irregular vaginal bleeding, Bleeding, Myocardial infarction, Angina pectoris, Hypertension, Chronic hepatitis, Acute hepatitis, Contusion|
|Related drugs||Renshen (Ginseng), Hongshen (Red Ginseng), Zhujieshen (Panax Japonicus Rhizome), Guangdongrenshen (American Ginseng)|
|References||Non-JPS2018: The Japanese standards for non-Pharmacopoeial crude drugs 2018.|
CP2020: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China 2020 edi.
C1)The Encyclopedia of Wakan-Yaku with Color Pictures Vol. I, pp 5-8.
C2)Yakugaku Zasshi, 101, 629(1981).
|Remarks||It is found in specific area, from Southeast Yunnan Prov. to Southwest Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region. It has been cultivated there since the Qing dynasty. It was also called "Jinbuhuan" and has been prized since ancient times. Now, it is not only blended into the formulation of Chinese medicine, "Yunnan-baiyao" and "Pianzaihuang" but also distributed as a health food. |
It is divided into "Chunqi" and "Dongqi" according to the season of harvest. Literature refers to "Chunqi" as being harvested in autumn (before the efflorescence). However, our 1999 research in Yunnan found that "Chunqi" was the root of the plant from which stems had been picked off before flowering, in middle July, and harvested in middle September. "Dongqi" was the root which had been harvested from November to December after collection of the seeds.
|Last renewal date||2021/09/27|