Crude drug sample data base

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Crude drug name

Market name竹節人参
Formal name竹節人参
Japanese nameちくせつにんじん, Chikusetsuninjin
Vernacular nameZhujieshen (竹節参)
Latin namePanacis Japonici Rhizoma (JP), (CP)
English namePanax Japonicus Rhizome (JP), Japanese Ginseng (CP)
Other names竹節参
Original plant namePanax japonicus C.A. Meyer, (Tochibaninjin)
Family nameAraliaceae
Used partClassificationPlant origin
Sub classification rhizome
Collection informationJapan, Osaka Pref., Tochimoto Tenkaido Co., Ltd.
Collection date1971/04/12
CollectorTsuneo Namba
TMPW No.95

The capital city, provincial capital city or the representative  
location of its administrative area is indicated.  
Production area information
Collection information
Japan,Osaka Pref.

Scientific information data base

Common name竹節人参, Zhujieshen, Panacis Japonici Rhizoma (JP18, CP2020), Panax Japonicus Rhizome (JP18), Japanese Ginseng (CP2020)
Synonyms竹参, 竹節参
crude drug image
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Original plant namePanax japonicus C.A. Meyer, (Tochibaninjin)
original plant image
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Family nameAraliaceae
Used partrhizome
Quality for selectionGood Zhujieshen is enlarged. (TN)
Official compendiumJP XVIII, CP (2020 ed.)
Clinical applicationZhujieshen is used as stomachic, antifebrile and expectorant. Though the invigoration of metabolism is weaker than that of ginseng, it has stronger effects in stomachic, antifebrile and expectorant.
Medical systemKampo med., TCM
Drug effect in
traditional medicine
Beneficial effect[Property and Flavor] Warm; sweet and mild bitter.
[Meridian Tropism] Liver, spleen and lung.
[Actions] To dissipate stasis and stanch bleeding, disperse swelling, relieve pain, dispel phlegm to suppress cough, replenish and strengthen the body after diseases.
[Indications] Cough caused by consumptive disease, hemoptysis, traumatic injuries, cough, profuse sputum, and convalescent weakness after illness.
Chemical constituentTriterpenoid saponins
サポニン配糖体約5% [saponin glycosides approx.5%[ : Chikusetsusaponin I, Chikusetsusaponin Ia, Chikusetsusaponin Ib, Chikusetsusaponin III, Chikusetsusaponin IV, Chikusetsusaponin IV a, Chikusetsusaponin V

Chemical structure

Pharmacological effectSedative,spasmolytic,antifebrile,antitussive,expectorant,enhanced automovement of intestinal motility,suppression of stress ulcer (chikusetsusaponinⅡ).Cholinominetic,histamine release action,and suppression of peptic ulcer (non-saponin fraction,chikusetsusaponin Ⅴ).
DNA sequence18SrRNA:D84100(*S1), matK:D89058(*S2), ITS:U41701, U41702; Traditioal Medical & Parmaceutical Database.
DiseaseDyspepsia, Anorexia, Chronic gastritis, Common cold, Acute Bronchitis, Chronic bronchitis, Cough, Expectoration of sputum
Related drugsRenshen (Ginseng), Hongshen (Red Ginseng), Sanqirenshen (Panax Notoginseng Root), Guangdongrenshen (American Ginseng)
ReferencesJP18: The 18th edition of the Japanese Pharmacopoeia.
CP2020: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China 2020 edi.
C1) The Encyclopedia of Wakan-Yaku with Color Pictures Vol. I, pp 3-4.
S1) Biol.Pharm.Bull.,19,1530(1996).
S2) Biol.Pharm.Bull.,20,765(1997).
RemarksIt was developed as the substitute for Ginseng at an early stage of Edo period (1624-1643). It is blended into "Shosaikoto" and "Hangeshashinto" as a substitute for Ginseng.
Last renewal date2021/09/27